O’Hara, Jane

Jane OHara


Jane is a Lecturer in Patient Safety & Improvement Science, which is a joint post between Bradford Institute for Health Research, and the Leeds Institute of Medical Education, University of Leeds.  Jane is a research psychologist with a background in organisational and health psychology. She has extensive experience of working on large-scale applied research projects within industry and more recently the health service. Prior to 2000 Jane worked for the NHS in Scotland for four years across a number of training and organisational development roles. Jane is involved in a variety of projects within the Yorkshire Quality and Safety Research Group, and within the Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Jane currently supervises two PhD students, along with colleagues from the University of Leeds.

Research Interests

  • Patient involvement in patient safety
  • Medical education
  • Patient involvement in service development / quality improvement
  • The role of individual differences in patient safety
  • Stress, health and well-being
  • The use of within-person diary techniques
  • Health behaviour change

Publications & Conferences

  • Sheard L, Marsh C, O’Hara J, Armitage G, Wright J, Lawton R. Exploring how ward staff engage with the implementation of a patient safety intervention: a UK-based qualitative process evaluation. BMJ open. 2017 Jul 1;7(7):e014558.
  • Louch G, O’Hara J, Gardner P, O’Connor DB. A Daily Diary Approach to the Examination of Chronic Stress, Daily Hassles and Safety Perceptions in Hospital Nursing. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2017 May 22:1-1.
  • Louch G, O’Hara J, Mohammed MA. A qualitative formative evaluation of a patient‐centred patient safety intervention delivered in collaboration with hospital volunteers. Health Expectations. 2017 Jun 15.
  • Sheard L, Marsh C, O’Hara JK, Armitage G, Wright J, Lawton R. (2017). The Patient Feedback Response Framework – Understanding why UK hospital staff find it difficult to make improvements based on patient feedback: A qualitative study. Social Science & Medicine, 178, 19-27.
  • Lawton R, O’Hara JK, Sheard L, Armitage G, Cocks K, Buckley H, Corbacho B, Reynolds R, Marsh C, Moore S, Watt I, Wright J. (2017) Can patient involvement improve patient safety?  A cluster randomized control trial of the Patient Reporting and Action for a Safe Environment (PRASE) Intervention. BMJ Quality & Safety. DOI: 1136/bmjqs-2016-005570
  • Johnson J, Louch G, Dunning A, Johnson O, Grange A, Reynolds C, Hall L, O’Hara JK. Burnout mediates the association between depression and patient safety perceptions: A cross‐sectional study in hospital nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2017 Jan 1.
  • O’Hara JK, Lawton RJ, Armitage G, et al. The Patient Reporting and Action for a Safe Environment (PRASE) intervention: A feasibility study. BMC Health Services Research 2016;16:676. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-016-1919-z
  • Sheard L, O’Hara J, Armitage G, Wright J, Cocks K, McEachan R, Watt I, Lawton R. Erratum to: Evaluating the PRASE patient safety intervention-a multi-centre, cluster trial with a qualitative process evaluation: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2016 Dec 20;17(1):605.
  • Albutt AK, O’Hara JK, Conner MT, Fletcher SJ, Lawton RJ. Is there a role for patients and their relatives in escalating clinical deterioration in hospital? A systematic review. Health Expectations. 2016 Sep 1.doi:10.1111/hex.12496
  • O’Hara JK, Lawton RJ. At a crossroads? Key challenges and future opportunities for patient involvement in patient safety. BMJ Qual Saf 2016;25:565-568 Published Online First: 22 June 2016 doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-005476.
  • O’Hara JK, Armitage G, Reynolds C, Coulson C, Thorp L, Din I, Watt I, Wright J. How might health services capture patient-reported safety concerns in a hospital setting? An exploratory pilot study of three mechanisms. BMJ Qual Saf. Published Online First: 4th February 2016. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2015- 004260.
  • Louch G, O’Hara J, Gardner P, O’Connor DB. The daily relationships between staffing, safety perceptions and personality in hospital nursing: A longitudinal on-line diary study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2016 Jul 31;59:27-37.
  • Heyhoe J, Birks Y, Harrison R, O’Hara JK, Cracknell A, Lawton R.  The role of emotion in patient safety: Are we brave enough to scratch beneath the surface? 2015. J R Soc Med. doi:10.1177/0141076815620614.
  • Buckley H, Cocks K, Lawton R, O’Hara JK, Sheard L, Marsh C, Corbacho Martin B, Watt I, Wright J. Outcomes to measure patient safety: the patient reporting and action for a safe environment (PRASE) trial. Trials 2015; 16:52 doi:10.1186/1745-6215-16-S2-P52.
  • Haslam CO, O’Hara JK, Kazi A, Twumasi R, Haslam R. Proactive occupational safety and health management: Promoting good health and good business. Safety Science 81, 99-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2015.06.010
  • Hernan AL, Giles SG, O’Hara JK, Fuller J, Johnson JK, Dunbar JA. Developing a primary care patient measure of safety (PC PMOS): a modified Delphi process and face validity testing. BMJ Qual Saf. 2015; doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004268.
  • Lawton R, O’Hara JK, Sheard L, et al. Can staff and patient perspectives on hospital safety predict harm-free care? An analysis of staff and patient survey data and routinely collected outcomes. BMJ Qual Saf. 2015;24:369-376.
  • Sheard L, O’Hara J, Armitage G, Wright J, Cocks K, McEachan R, Watt I, & Lawton R. Evaluating the PRASE patient safety intervention – a multi-centre, cluster trial with a qualitative process evaluation: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 2014 15:420.
  • Prestwich, A., Conner, M. T., Lawton, R. J., Ward, J. K., Ayres, K., & McEachan, R. R. (2014). Partner‐and planning‐based interventions to reduce fat consumption: Randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19(1), 132-148.
  • Conner M, McEachan R, Taylor N, O’Hara J, Lawton, R. 2014. Role of Affective Attitudes and Anticipated Affective Reactions in Predicting Health Behaviors. Health Psychology, doi: 10.1037/hea0000143
  • O’Hara JK, Isden R. 2013. Identifying risks and monitoring safety: the role of patients and citizens. Invited Thought Paper for the Health Foundation.
  • McEachan RR, Lawton RJ, O’Hara JK, Armitage G, Giles S, Parveen S, Watt IS, Wright J; on behalf of the Yorkshire Quality and Safety Research Group. (2013). Developing a reliable and valid patient measure of safety in hospitals (PMOS): a validation study. BMJ Quality & Safety; doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2013-002312.
  • Armitage G, Ward J, Birks Y (2013). Patients as reviewers of quality and safety. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 39(1) 5-6.
  • Ward, JK, & Armitage, G (2012). Can patients report patient safety incidents in a hospital setting? A systematic review. BMJ Quality & Safety, doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2011-000213.
  • Ferguson, E, Ward JK, Skatova, A, Cassaday, H, Bibby, P, & Lawrence, C (2012). Health Specific Traits Beyond the Five Factor Model, Cognitive Processes, and Trait Expression: Replies to Watson (2012); Matthew’s, (2012) and Haslam, Jetten, Reynolds and Reicher (2012). Health Psychology Review, DOI:10.1080/17437199.2012.701061.
  • Prestwich, A, Conner, MT, Lawton, RJ, Ward, JK, Ayres, K, & McEachan, RRC (2012). Randomized controlled trial of collaborative implementation intentions targeting working adults’ physical activity. Health Psychology, 31(4), 486-495, doi:10.1037/a0027672
  • Ward, JK, McEachan, RRC, Lawton, R, Armitage, G, Watt, I, & Wright, J (2011). Patient involvement in patient safety: Protocol for developing an intervention using patient reports of organisational safety and patient incident reporting. BMC Health Services Research 2011, 11:130 (27 May 2011).
  • Sirriyeh, RH, Lawton, RJ, Ward, JK (2010). Physical activity and adolescents: An exploratory randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigating the influence of affective and instrumental text messages. British Journal of Health Psychology, 15(4), 825-840.
  • Ward, JK, Haslam, C & Haslam, R (2008). The impact of health and safety management on organisations and their staff. IOSH Report
  • Ferguson, E, Cassaday, H, Ward, JK & Weyman, A (2006). Triggers for non-specific symptoms in the workplace. Research report to the Health and Safety Executive, RR501, Sudbury: HSE Books.

Book chapters:

  • Ward, JK, Giles S, Hrisos S, et al. (2012). Involving patients in their safety: Initiatives, innovations and recommendations for developing your practice. In: Lawton R.L and Armitage G, (Eds). Innovating for Patient Safety. Sage, Learning Matters: London.

 Recent relevant conferences and invited talks:

  • Invited talk (Workshop) – O’Hara JK, Giles, S, Campbell, S, Boote, J & Walsh, P (Chair). ISQua Conference 2014, Rio de Janeiro. “The past, present and future of patient involvement in patient safety”.
  • O’Hara, JK, Sheard, L, Lawton R, Armitage, G. ISQua Conference 2013, Edinburgh. “Piloting the PRASE intervention”.
  • Invited speaker – Institute for Health Improvement WIHI. Recorded April 2013 at International Forum for Quality in Healthcare conference, London.
  • Invited ‘masterclass’ at Great Ormond Street Hospital. June 2013. “Developing the PRASE intervention”.
  • Ward, JK & Armitage, G. ISQua Conference 2012, Geneva. “Testing three mechanisms for capturing patient safety reports from patients”.


  • 2016: NIHR Programme for Applied Health Research. £ 2,400,000 Co-applicant and Workstream Lead. Partners at Care Transitions (PACT): Improving Patient Experience and Safety at Transitions of Care.
  • 2016: HEE Yorkshire and Humber. £ Principal Investigator. Using patient feedback about the safety of care to support interprofessional education. Principal Investigator.
  • 2015: NIHR Health Services & Delivery Research. £375,000.  Co-applicant. Understanding and enhancing how hospital staff learn from and act on patient experience data.
  • 2014: The Health Foundation. £599,984. Co-applicant. Safety Measuring and Monitoring Programme.
  • 2013: The Health Foundation. £445,000. Lead Investigator (Evaluation). Putting the patient at the heart of patient safety.
  • 2011: Roald Dahl’s Marvellous Childrens Charity. £7,500. Principal Investigator. Developing a transitional pathway for young adults with thalassaemia major, and their families.